18 June 2015, Institute of Political Science, University of Warsaw – Seminar on parliamentary elections in Turkey
Participants (affiliation at given time in brackets): Prof. Danuta Chmielowska (University of Warsaw), Prof. Adam Szymański (Institute of Political Science, UW), Artur Adamczyk, PhD (Centre for Europe, UW), Karol Bieniek, PhD (Institute of Political Science, KEN Pedagogical University, Kraków), Joanna Bocheńska, PhD (Institute of Oriental Studies, Section of Kurdish Studies, Jagiellonian University), Jakub Wódka, PhD (Institute of Political Studies, Polish Academy of Science), Konrad Zasztowt, PhD (PISM; Department for European Islam Studies, Faculty of Oriental Studies, University of Warsaw), Özgür Soner, MA (Institute of Political Science, UW), Magdalena Szkudlarek, MA (Faculty of Political Science and Journalism, UAM Poznań), Karol Wasilewski, MA (University of Warsaw), Agata Wójcik MA (Institute of Mediterranean and Oriental Cultures, Polish Academy of Science).
Main topic – consequences of parliamentary elections on 7 June 2015 for the domestic and foreign policy of Turkey
- Governance system – parliamentary vs. presidential system
- Political regime – democracy vs. authoritarianism
- Model of state and society
- Party system – end of the dominant party system?
- Foreign policy doctrine
- Relations with the EU and the USA (NATO)
- Middle East policy
- Relations with Russia
- Relations with South Caucasus, the Balkans and Central Asia
- Multilateral relations
15 December 2015, Institute of Political Science, University of Warsaw – Seminar on parliamentary elections in Turkey
Participants (affiliation at given time in brackets): Prof. Danuta Chmielowska (Centre for Europe, UW), Prof. Adam Szymański (Institute of Political Science, UW), Karol Bieniek, PhD (Institute of Political Science, KEN Pedagogical University, Kraków), Jakub Wódka, PhD (Institute of Political Studies, Polish Academy of Science), Konrad Zasztowt, PhD (PISM; Department for European Islam Studies, Faculty of Oriental Studies, University of Warsaw), Özgür Soner, MA (Institute of Political Science, UW), Karol Wasilewski, MA (University of Warsaw), Ksenia Szelachowska, MA (GSSR PAN), Agata Wójcik MA (Institute of Mediterranean and Oriental Cultures, Polish Academy of Science); Konstanty Gebert (European Council on Foreign Relations).
Main topic – consequences of parliamentary elections on 1 November 2015 for the domestic and foreign policy of Turkey
10 May 2017, University of Warsaw – Seminar on Turkey after the constitutional referendum
Participants (affiliation at given time in brackets): Prof. Danuta Chmielowska (Centre for Europe, UW), Prof. Adam Szymański (Institute of Political Science, UW), Karol Bieniek, PhD (Institute of Political Science, KEN Pedagogical University, Kraków), Kinga Smoleń, PhD (Faculty of Political Science, UMCS, Lublin), Jakub Wódka, PhD (Institute of Political Studies, Polish Academy of Science), Agnieszka Zastawna-Templin, PhD, with a group of students (Department of Turkish Studies and Inner Asian Peoples, Faculty of Oriental Studies, University of Warsaw), Konrad Zasztowt, PhD (Department for European Islam Studies, Faculty of Oriental Studies, University of Warsaw), Mateusz Chudziak, MA (Centre for Eastern Studies), Özgür Soner, MA (Institute of Political Science, UW), Karol Wasilewski, MA (Polish Institute of International Affairs).
Main topic – consequences of constitutional referendum on 16 April 2017 for the Turkish politics
- Which political system (including party system) and political regime?
- „Subtle Islamisation” or something more?
- What about the Kurdish issue?
- Social and economic consequences?
- Which foreign policy?
- Relations with the West (EU, USA, NATO)
- Relations with Russia
- Middle East politics
26 June 2018, Faculty of Political Science and International Studies, University of Warsaw – Expert seminar after the parliamentary and presidential elections in Turkey
Participants (affiliation at given time in brackets) – members of the research group as well as participants of the discussed project and other experts: Artur Adamczyk, PhD (University of Warsaw), Karol Bieniek, PhD (KEN Pedagogical University, Kraków), Joanna Bocheńska, PhD (Jagiellonian University), Amanda Dziubińska, MA (University of Warsaw), Karol Kaczorowski, PhD (Jagiellonian University), Anna Solarz, PhD (University of Warsaw), Özgür Soner, MA (University of Warsaw), Prof. Adam Szymański (University of Warsaw), Wojciech Ufel, MA (University of Wroclaw), Karol Wasilewski, MA (Polish Institute of International Affairs), Prof. Jacek Wojnicki (University of Warsaw).
- Presentation of results to date of the project no. 2016/21/B/HS5/00074 Between Fair and Rigged. Elections as a Key Determinant of the “Borderline Political Regime” – Turkey in Comparative Perspective (OPUS 11) – with use of examples of the electoral manipulations from the last parliamentary and presidential elections (24 June 2018)
- Discussion on the consequences of the parliamentary and presidential elections (24 June 2018):
a) domestic politics – impact on the political system and party system; future actions in economic policy and security field; prospects of the Kurdish issue
b) foreign policy – impact on relations with the USA, EU, Russia; Middle Eastern policy of Turkey
Panels during conferences
First National European Studies Congress, 18-20 September 2014, Warsaw
Two-part discussion panel „Relations between Turkey and the European Union – Role of Poland”, 19 September 2014
- Adam Szymański, PhD – University of Warsaw – chair
- Prof. Justyna Zając – University of Warsaw
- Artur Adamczyk, PhD – University of Warsaw
- Prof. Wojciech Forysiński – Eastern Mediterranean University, Famagusta
- Jakub Wódka, PhD – Polish Academy of Science
- Justyna Misiągiewicz, Phd – Maria Skłodowska-Curie University
Third National Political Science Congress, Cracow, 22-24 September 2015
24 September, 9.00-10.30,
Wróblewski Collegium, Jagiellonian University, Olszewskiego 2
DOMESTIC AND FOREIGN POLICY OF POLAND AND TURKEY
(chair: Prof. Adam Szymański)
Poland and Turkey differ in terms of culture, religion, politcal history after the Second World War, social structures and directions of foreign policy. However, there are at the same time many similarities in their domestic and foreign policy. These differences and similarities are often connected with interesting issues going beyond the two cases of states. It is among others about: political parties and their leadership, struggle for independence and building of the civil society, minorities question, economic policy, European integration, including the Europeanisation process and the issue of „medium-sized powers” in international relations (in the context of foreign policy of the aforementioned states). These issues were the subject of comparative analyses presented within the panel. Its participants posed the question whether the similarities between Poland and Turkey are a result of existing of universal phenomena that can be present in completely different countries and regions, or whether Poland and Turkey belong to the states close to each other in terms of domestic and foreign policy due to the specific elements linking these states. They were examing also the question if the existing differences between the Polish and Turkish domestic and foreign policies were only a result of clear, often objective features which make these countries different or whether they were also the outcome of other factors.
- Organisation and leadership of political parties in Turkey and Poland – comparative analysis
Karol Bieniek, PhD (KEN Pedagogical University, Kraków)
- The Kurdish issue in Turkey and in the Middle East from the perspective of Polish historical experiences. Inspirations for valuable diplomacy.
Joanna Bocheńska, PhD (Jagiellonian University)
- Minority policy of Poland and Turkey. Comparative analysis.
Magdalena Szkudlarek, MA (UAM Poznań)
- Europeanisation of Poland and Turkey – comparative analysis
Prof. Adam Szymański (University of Warsaw)
- Poland and Turkey as middle powers. Comparative analysis based on 5C model of John Ravenhill
Jakub Wódka, PhD (Polish Academy of Science)
Second National Congress of European Studies
26 September 2017, 17.30-19.00
Institute of Political Science and European Studies, University of Szczecin, Krakowska 71-79
DIFFERENTIATED INTEGRATION AND ITS IMPACT ON THE FOREIGN AND SECURITY POLICY OF THE EU AND ITS NEIGHBOURS
(chair: Prof. Adam Szymański, University of Warsaw)
Karol Bieniek, PhD (KEN Pedagogical University, Kraków)
Republic of Turkey and the European Union in the search for a new model of cooperation
Prof. Adam Szymański (University of Warsaw)
Differentiated Integration, Turkey and the European Union – Chance for the Accession or Alternative Form of Tight Relations
Prof. Danuta Chmielowska (University of Warsaw)
Domestic Affairs in Turkey and the Possibility of Integration with the European Union
Lectures – organization
12 May 2016 – Institute of Political Science, University of Warsaw, 15.00-16.30
Prof. Hüseyin Bağcı (Department of International Relations, Middle East Technical University in Ankara, METU)
Title of the lecture: ”Turkey-Syria-Russia Relations since the Arab Spring in the Framework of Regional and Global Developments”
Professor Bağcı started his lecture with discussing the global changes in the world and how the Turkish policy has become their part. Later he talked about the relations between Turkey and particular partners – including the USA and Russia. He raised the question of relations between Turkey and the EU, war in Syria and the refugee problem.
For more about Prof. Bağcı, see: http://ir.metu.edu.tr/node/112
21 May 2018 – Faculty of Political Science and International Studies, University of Warsaw, 13-15 PM
Seçkin Köstem, PhD (Department of International Relations, Bilkent University, Ankara)
Title of the lecture: ”Turkish-Russian Relations”
The lecturer presented different dimensions of relations between Turkey and Russia, focusing on the 21st century. During the discussion there were questions about the activities of both countries in Syria as well as bilateral economic relations.
For more about the guest lecturer, see: http://ir.bilkent.edu.tr/?page_id=1264&nvaf_id=65&lang=en
ProjectsNational Science Centre
Project no. 2016/21/B/HS5/00074 “Between Fair and Rigged. Elections as a Key Determinant of the ‘Borderline Political Regime’ – Turkey in Comparative Perspective” (Programme OPUS 11, Faculty of Political Science and International Studies, University of Warsaw)
Duration: February 2017- January 2019
Group’s members who take part in the project: Prof. Adam Szymański – principal investigator, Jakub Wódka, PhD – investigator
Brief description of the project:
Objectives of the research project/research hypothesis
Whereas the number of countries holding free, regular elections has been on the rise in the last four decades, the phenomenon of electoral malpractice and manipulations has been spreading as well. The analysis of the “menu of electoral manipulation” in the long electoral cycle and its impact on the functioning of political regimes and the process of democratisation is the main goal of the research project. The particular focus is on the issue of competitiveness of elections which is indispensable for the existence of one of the so-called electoral regimes – democratic, hybrid or competitive authoritarianism. The case study is the Republic of Turkey in comparative perspective (the comparison mainly with the East European and Latin American states), in the years 2002-2015 (the period of ruling of the Justice and Development Party), as one of the best cases to indicate electoral malpractice and its impact on the political regime. The research is aimed at verifying a few hypotheses assuming first of all that the electoral malpractice caused mainly by the deficit of the democratic culture of elites leads to the existence in practice of the so-called “borderline regimes” which are balancing between hybrid and authoritarian regimes of the new type but due to the increasing scope and variety of the electoral manipulations are approaching gradually the latter type.
Methodology of the research project
The qualitative methods prevail in the research project. The comparative analysis with the case study of Turkey as the hardest one will be based in the theoretical sphere on the framework of categories of the electoral malpractice and types of electoral manipulations. This shows the domination in the research of the new institutionalism which will be useful also in the context of the analysis of change of regimes influenced by the electoral malpractice, thanks to the possible use of the so-called “theories of institutional change”. A useful tool in the empirical dimension will be a set of different electoral and democracy databases/reports. They will help to identify the place of Turkey on the continuum – electoral integrity – lack of electoral integrity (fair vs. rigged elections) and to find similar cases which will be analyzed in the last part of the research. An indispensible tool will be also the in-depth interviews with: the Turkish politicians; representatives of the international organizations monitoring elections (ODIHR, Council of Europe); representatives of the organizations and institutions controlling the course of elections in Turkey (e.g. High Election Commission – YSK), experts in election law, elections and democratization in Turkey, Turkish journalists and the political marketing experts. The additional methods are the system and decision analyses.
Expected impact of the research project on the development of science, civilization and society
The research project will be significant both in the theoretical and empirical dimension. In the first case it will contribute to the development of: 1) theoretical research within the Polish political science on the electoral malpractice; 2) rare studies on the relationship between malpractice and type of the political regime thanks to proposing a new concept of “borderline regimes” and their dynamics depending on the “menu of electoral manipulation” and 3) the theoretical model concerning the assessment of the electoral integrity in regimes other than democratic ones. The research project will also contribute to the development of the empirical studies on elections and electoral practices in Turkey. It will be a comprehensive research embracing subsequent parliamentary elections since 2002, the electoral manipulations observed within these elections and their possible influence on the changes of the political system and, in result – political regime in Turkey. Moreover, the research will present the rarely considered comparative perspective. The research project will also include the forecast of the possible paths of development of the “borderline regimes”. In addition, results of the studies will be useful from the practical point of view, having significance for the voting act and democratic culture of citizens as well as for different national organizations working in the field of democratisation and the international or national organizations monitoring elections.
For more, see: http://www.inp.uw.edu.pl/projekt_wybory_turcja/en
Project no. 2015/17/D/HS5/00442 “Differentiated integration, Turkish accession prospects and EU geopolitics” (Programme SONATA 9, Polish Academy of Science)
Group’s members who take part in the project: Jakub Wódka, PhD – principal investigator, Prof. Adam Szymański – investigator
Brief description of the project:
Project objectives/ Research hypothesis
The project aims at contributing research to theoretical analysis of EU enlargement and neighbourhood policies, while empirically focusing on the example of EU-Turkey relations. The main research question is as follows: Considering the changes within the EU and the stalled accession process of Turkey, in what ways could a strategic and sustainable partnership between Brussels and Ankara be built, so that it allows for coordinated and coherent policy towards the shared neighbourhood in turmoil?
The main thesis runs as follows: in the face of 1) fundamental changes in the model of European integration; 2) actual freezing of the Turkey’s accession process; 3) dynamic changes in the common neighbourhood and the resulting challenge to define a new policy towards the region both for the EU and Turkey, it is imperative to look for new formats of EU-Turkey strategic partnership beyond the traditional paradigm of the enlargement policy.
The theoretical framework applied within this project combines a number of theoretical perspectives, including neo-functionalism, realism, liberal intergovernmentalism and historical institutionalism as all these approaches help explain various aspects of internal developments in the European Union, evolution of EU-Turkey relations, as well as policies of both actors at the regional and global level. Qualitative methods related to the theoretical framework will be used, such as process-tracing method or decision method. The scenarios of further development of Turkey-EU relations will be prepared with the use of such IR forecasts methods as extrapolation, analogy or heuristic methods.
An empirical analysis will be carried out using qualitative methods and most importantly by means of semistructured in-depth interviews with Turkish, EU and member-states decision-makers as interviewees. Additionally, existing primary and secondary sources in Polish, Turkish, English, German and French will be thoroughly scrutinized.
Impact of the research project
The added value of this project stems from the fact that it examines differentiation beyond the euro zone (economic policies) and focuses on differentiation in the external policy realm. Differentiation dynamics point to inadequacy of conceiving EU membership in binary, zero – one terms (full membership vs. nonmembership) and ask for more innovative, original and up-to-date approaches to the EU relations with its important, strategic partners. There is lack of any academic research which would bring together the three levels of analysis: 1) differentiated integration 2) the deadlock in EU-Turkey relations and the rising euroscepticism in Turkey 3) destabilization of EU and Turkey’s shared neighbourhood. Consequently, the project research findings will significantly enrich both the theoretical and empirical study of EU’s global role in the context of the stalled enlargement process and the destabilization of the southern and Eastern neighbourhood of EU and Turkey. The academic ambition of the project is to establish a comprehensive and coherent theoretical model defining the areas of cooperation of the EU with its strategic partners, in the realm of external policy.Statutory research
Topic: Turkish politics in comparative perspective. Analysis of the case of de-democratisation.
Duration: July-December 2017
Participants in the project – members of the research team are a dozen or so individuals being members of the Research Group on the Contemporary Turkey (among others: Prof. Adam Szymański, Aleksandra Gasztold, PhD, Özgür Soner, MA and Karol Wasilewski, MA) as well as Şenol Özaydın, PhD student from the Faculty of Political Science and International Studies
Brief description of the project:
Comparative analysis of the politics of Turkey as well as states from Central and Eastern Europe is the subject of many works of the Western and Turkish scholars. However, there is a lack of this type of in-depth analyses in Poland. Implementation of the project is the unique Polish contrubution to this type of research, both in the case of the empirical comparative studies and refining of the theoretical concept of de-democratization, with the fully innovative aspect of the impact of this process on the foreign policy of states. The selected team – part of the Research Group on Contemporary Turkey from the Institute of Political Science and Institute of International Relations, University of Warsaw, suits the undertaking perfectly.
Within the research project the following activities will be implemented:
- Initial activities – preparing the Internet website in two language versions (to be used by the Research Group on Contemporary Turkey also within further undertakings) and the bibliographic database on the Turkish politics in selected areas, with the focus on the comparative analysis
- Conceptualisation and working out the theoretical framework of the analysis
- Preparing the on-line publication – working paper, in the Polish and English version, initiating the series of comparative analyses, which will be the basis for preparing the articles to be submitted to the journals in English from the list A.